Many of the symptoms of diabetes type 1 and type 2 are similar. In both, there is a lot of glucose in the blood and little glucose inside the cells. The glucose increase in type 1 diabetes is due to lack of insulin because the insulin-producing cells have been destroyed.
Type 2 diabetes occurs when the cells become resistant to the insulin that is produced. In either case, your cells are not receiving the glucose they occupy. The symptoms of type 2 diabetes can occur slowly. A person can be diabetic for years without knowing it.
1 in 10 Latinos have or will have diabetes someday, it is also called a silent disease because at the beginning there are no serious symptoms that let us know that we have a serious illness.
In countries like the United States, there are 24 million people who are diabetic, but an alarming fact is that only 18 million people know they are diabetic.
These are the symptoms of diabetes that you should look for:
1. Increased thirst, increased urinary frequency
Excess sugar in your bloodstream causes the fluid in your tissues to move. Which leaves you sending. Therefore, you will urinate and thirst more frequently. It is one of the symptoms of diabetes that occur more frequently and that makes you think that the patient has diabetes.
These 2 symptoms always go hand in hand. If you suddenly notice that you are urinating more than usual, every time, more urine and you even have to get up during the night to go to the bathroom, this may indicate that your sugar or glucose is high. This is called polyuria.
It is because the body tries to eliminate excess glucose through urine.
To have excess thirst is called polydipsia and it is because the organism asks us to replace the water that we eliminate when urinating more than normal. Continue reading: 7 Symptoms That May Occur When You Stop Taking Contraceptives
2. Increase in appetite
Without the insulin needed to move the sugar into your cells, the cells in your muscles and organs run out of energy. Which causes intense hunger. Your body thinks it does not have enough food.
Being hungry, despite having finished eating, with a sense of urgency is known as polyphagia. When cells do not receive the glucose they need to produce energy, they “ask” to eat more to obtain glucose.
I already explained to you that even when there is blood glucose, it is not transported to the cells, so eating too much does not solve the glucose needs.
These 3 symptoms of diabetes are known as the 3 ” P ” typical of diabetes: P oliuria, P olidipsia, and P olifagia
3. Weight loss
Even though you are eating more than usual to relieve yourself, you will notice that you are losing weight. Without the ability to metabolize glucose, your body needs to use fat and protein as an energy source. Your body removes large amounts of glucose in the urine, which is equivalent to losing many calories that you have already ingested.
If you notice that you are losing weight without apparent cause, you may be diabetic.
Your body needs energy so that all its processes are carried out in a normal way if you can not receive the energy by processing the glucose, the organism has to find another way to obtain it.
A secondary source of energy, are the reserves of fat that we have in the body, the fat is processed in energy as well, the fact that you have accumulated is being eliminated, and in this way is as low weight.
If your cells are deprived of glucose, you may become irritable and tired.
In some diabetics, sugar levels can be either very high, due to diabetes itself, or very low, when they take their medications to control sugar and do not eat on time. In both, you will feel fatigue.
It is very common, also that being diabetic you have problems with hypothyroidism, and the latter is a disease that is characterized by chronic fatigue. It is advisable if you are diabetic, check the function of your thyroid in blood tests.
5. Blurred vision
If your glucose is very high, the fluid in your eyes may move into the bloodstream. This can affect your ability to focus properly.
The increase in sugar also affects the eyes in several ways, one that is temporary or reversible is that the lens loses its ability to focus and we see blur, in this case when glucose is normalized, vision is restored.
In cases of retinal injury due to poor circulation, the “computer” of the eyes is damaged and we lose vision little by little, starting with a blurred vision, this problem, if not attended to in time, can cause blindness and is permanent.
6. Slowness to heal or frequent infections
Diabetes impairs your ability to heal and prevent infections
When you cut yourself, the wound has a healing process. With 3 essential data:
-It has to be fast.
-The scarred area has to regain its normal function
In the first stage, good circulation is needed, first for the platelets to stop the bleeding, and then to carry cells to clean, regenerate and heal the wound.
In diabetic people there are many problems that reduce circulation, so they need more time to heal their wounds if they do not get complicated with infections.
7. Areas of the darkness of the skin and dry skin
Some people with type 2 diabetes have areas of darkening of the skin, mainly in the neck, armpits, inner side of thighs.
Dry skin caused by dehydration will cause generalized itching. In addition, a skin change that is very distinctive in diabetics is called “Acanthosis nigricans or pigments”.
Insulin, unable to carry glucose transport inside cells, begins to accumulate in the blood.
When insulin levels rise, there is an overproduction of epithelial cells. Which causes thickening and darkening of the skin. Especially in areas of folds such as the neck, armpits, groin, knees or elbows.
8. Numbness or tingling in your hands and feet
This symptom is called neuropathy. Step over years, the increase of sugar in your blood causes nerve damage, particularly the nerves of the extremities. Many times this symptom improves when glucose is normalized.
Also, this symptom is caused by poor circulation. In addition to the damage of the nerve endings is known as diabetic neuropathy.
The feet and hands are considered the parts farthest from the body, the first areas that are going to be affected by poor circulation and nerve damage. This causes tingling, numbness, a feeling of heaviness, inflammation, and pain.
9. Infections by fungi
Diabetics have their system of defenses low, this makes them have infections easily.
Mushrooms and also bacteria reproduce better in “environments” rich in glucose. So, you can live all the time with this type of infection if you are diabetic and your sugar is not controlled.
As in the previous point, the irritability of diabetics is when their sugar goes either too high or too low. High glucose alters you mentally and you react in strange ways.
The lack of glucose in the cells makes you eat more, you eat and your cells do not receive glucose, they keep “asking” you to eat, you remain hungry even after eating. And so on, it is one of the causes of irritability in diabetics.
Blood glucose tests and normal values
If you take 2 routine blood tests and glucose is elevated, in both cases, it will indicate that you are prediabetic or diabetic.
Normal values may vary depending on the laboratory, but in general, a value of up to 100 mg/dl is considered normal. The blood is extracted after 8 hours of fasting.
Other tests like the glucose tolerance curve require more time in the lab and more blood samples. But it tells us how your body is using the sugar you eat.
It is advisable to also do tests of renal function, thyroid, in addition to a urine test.
Complications of diabetes
In symptoms of diabetes, the elevation of the sugar acts as a poison in the organism, it damages all the organs little by little. If the levels keep it high.
The news that you are losing weight without dieting or exercise at the beginning can be wonderful, but if you think about it carefully it is an alarm signal sent to you by your body for a routine checkup.
The use of fat to generate energy releases ketone bodies or ketones, these ketones can complicate diabetes to a diabetic ketoacidosis. This, in turn, can lead to a diabetic coma and death if not treated in time.
That is why it is very important that you have a medical control if you are diabetic. In addition to modifying our lifestyle in terms of feeding us healthier and exercising.
What would you do if you had diabetes? Would you follow these tips? Share your opinion and tell us if you liked the topic or you have doubts.
When to see the doctor if these possible symptoms of diabetes occur?
If you have any of these symptoms of diabetes, anyone of the mentioned in this article you must go to the doctor to do the corresponding exams to determine if you have diabetes or not, it is very important that you do it.
“Lifecell” also invited you to read this article: http://fitnessfinders.mobi/2017/05/08/what-sweets-are-harmful-to-health/
If you like this article about symptoms of diabetes please share your friends and family.