The femur is the longest and most massive bone of the human body, it connects the hip to the knee and supports the body weight either standing or moving. With the expression “head of the femur” refers to the end of the bone that it connects with the hip creating the coxofemoral articulation; the lower end, instead, is joined to the patella and the tibia and constitutes the knee joint.
The fracture of the femur can be:
– Composed or decomposed, depending on whether or not there is a shift of the lesioned fragments that lose, so, the natural alignment;
– Complete or not complete, if the lesion is with or without separation of the segments;
– Multiple if there is a break in several places;
– Transverse, oblique or spiroid.
The most common fracture to the femoral head, so near the hip, and is most common among the elderly. It is an event that may occur at any age but becomes dangerous when it occurs in a person over 70.
As you fracture the femur?
The causes of femoral fracture change based on age. At a young age, in the absence of diseases that affect the calcium density and bone strength, fracture of the femur is caused by sports injuries or extreme impacts such as those caused by a car accident.
In senile enough to cause an accidental fall fracture of the femur. It is because osteoporosis weakens the bone structure in humans from 60 years or so, and in women even before, coinciding with menopause. All osteoporosis plus the related conditions, such as diabetes and rheumatoid arthritis, and stress fractures due to the natural degenerative process of the bones.
The fracture of the femur is a very dangerous event for the elderly : it is estimated that about a fifth of the people in old age who have suffered a fracture of the femur lose the ability to walk independently, and only 30-40% regain full autonomy in the handling of common daily activities.
How to prevent and intervene in case of fracture of the femur?
Who plays sports at a competitive level or otherwise, should not be subjected to stress the joints with repeated movements over time prove to be strenuous. If necessary, it is advisable to take supplements of vitamin D and C, and try to stay in the sun as much as possible with the right sunscreen.
The elderly should wear non-slip shoes, moving in areas well lit and, at home, be careful or delete risk situations, such as carpets against whom it is easy to stumble.
Following a bad fall or a violent plot, you must go immediately to the emergency room and immediately consult an orthopedic doctor: the inadequately treated fractures can cause complications such as post-traumatic arthritis, infection, deformity, and difficulty moving properly limb. Typically, an early surgery helps to treat femoral fracture properly. For more reviews visit http://target-marketing.co.uk/